The European Qualifications Framework (EQF) is a reference framework designed by the European Union (EU) to assist people within the EU in understanding and comparing qualification levels across borders. It is divided into eight levels, with level 1 being the lowest (basic education) and level 8 being the highest (equivalent to doctoral level). The EQF is intended to help individuals understand the link between various sorts of degrees and to make comparing qualifications from different nations easier.
The European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) is a system designed by the EU to assist individuals in recognizing and comparing the learning results of VET across borders. It is intended to assist people in developing their skills and knowledge throughout their life, regardless of where they live or study. ECVET is a collection of ideas and techniques for describing, transferring, and accumulating learning outcomes. It is meant to assist people in developing their skills and knowledge throughout their life and to make cross-border comparison of VET certificates easier.